“Engineering is for people who want to solve problems.” Engineering is the study of how things are designed and work. An engineering qualification is your ticket to an exhilarating career filled with adventure and exploration. Pursuing engineering can seem overwhelming to study abroad, but ultimately the rewards are worth it as the benefits outweigh the challenges.
Engineering is an incredibly broad subject and no two programs are the same. Let’s discover trending niches in the field of engineering.
1. Aerospace Engineering
The study of aerospace engineering includes the research, design, construction, and maintenance of an aircraft.
Most aerospace engineering degrees include the option to choose selective modules tailored to your interests. Undergraduate programs usually last between three and five years, and a master’s degree lasts one or two years. Doctorates can take up to four years.
The job responsibilities of an aerospace engineer include the research, design, development, performance testing, and launching of commercial and military aircraft, weapon systems, space vehicles, and satellites.
2. Biomedical Engineering
Biomedical engineering applies the principles of science, engineering, and medicine to the development and advancement of a range of medical technologies.
At the undergraduate level, the BEng program usually lasts three years and the MEng program combining bachelor’s and master’s degrees is a four-year course. Doctoral programs typically last about five years.
Biomedical engineers combine the fundamentals of engineering with medical and biological sciences to design and create equipment, devices, computer systems, and software used in healthcare.
3. Chemical Engineering
Chemical engineering is the science of converting raw materials into useful products, processes, or technologies involving elements of chemistry, biology, engineering, mathematics, economics, and physics.
Undergraduates can choose to study a BEng program over three or four years, or a qualification (MEng) over four to five years. A doctorate lasts four to seven years.
4. Electrical Engineering
Electrical engineering, also called electronic engineering, is concerned with the technology and application of electricity.
Bachelor’s programs typically last between three and five years, and an MSc takes one or two years. Doctorates can take up to four or five years.
Electrical engineers design, develop, and test electrical devices and equipment, including communications systems, electrical generators, motors, and navigation systems, as well as electrical systems for automobiles and aircraft.
5. Industrial Engineering
Industrial engineering is a broad branch of engineering that deals with the improvement of processes and products.
Bachelor’s programs typically last three to five years, and a master’s takes an additional one or two years. The doctorate lasts approximately five years.
Job titles associated with industrial engineering include business process engineer, manufacturing engineer, facilities engineer, etc.
6. Mechanical Engineering
Mechanical engineering is the study of machines and includes their design, manufacture, analysis, and maintenance of moving objects and systems.
Undergraduate programs typically last five years and can include an internship year that gives you real hands-on experience.
Mechanical engineers design, manufacture, and evaluate devices such as industrial machinery, heating and cooling systems, transportation systems, robotics, and tools.
7. Network engineering
Network engineering is a field that combines engineering with computer science and communications technology.
Bachelor’s degrees typically last three years (full-time) or four years (work-study year). Master’s programs last one year (full-time) or two years (part-time).
Network engineers are responsible for building and maintaining the day-to-day operations of computer networks that businesses and organizations rely on.
8. Systems Engineering
Systems engineering is an interdisciplinary field of engineering that enables the construction, analysis, and management of a system.
Bachelor’s programs can last between three and five years. Postgraduate programs are often offered over one or two years.
Systems engineers are responsible for designing and setting up an organization’s networked computing infrastructure, ensuring that the system runs smoothly and efficiently, and resolving technical issues that may arise.
9. Technological engineering
Technological engineering refers to the design, development and implementation of technologies in industrial environments.
The course is usually studied as a two-year associate degree. In the case of a bachelor’s degree, the duration of the program is three or four years. Master’s degrees normally last one or two years, while research-oriented doctorates last four to six years.
Engineering technologists support the engineering team in completing projects and also identify problems, develop strategies and perform quality control.
Mechatronics is a multidisciplinary subject that combines living fields including electrical, software, and mechanical engineering.
Undergraduate programs last between three and five years, and a postgraduate course takes one or two years. Mechatronics engineers review existing processes and designs and make recommendations for improvement and also develop new products and present reports.
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